Welcome to The Blockchain of Blockchains
A Permissioned Public Ecosystem Built for Practicality

A WRKChain is a Distributed Ledger Technology designed specifically for real-world enterprise and consumer adoption.  

The Unification Ecosystem has two parts:
Mainchain and WRKChains
Each with different responsibilities and benefits
Mainchain consists of Block Validators who operate via a Distributed Stake Governance (DSG) Consensus mechanism and is powered by the United Network Distribution (UND) Token

In order to fully optimize and focus resources, Mainchain can only execute three tasks.
  •  UND - UND wallet transfers
     Executing “Expansion Logs” which power and enable WRKChains
     Maintaining a log of voting and whitelist for allowed validators on the network.
WRKChains can be thought of as independent blockchains deployed via an expansion log.

There are numerous configuration options available which allow enterprises and developers to customize according to their needs. 

WRKChains will “check in” with Mainchain on every produced block with the headers of this block. 

This by default creates a situation where by maintaining their own chain/coin/consensus mechanism -the deployers of the WRKChain can control cost and scalability while by broadcasting the headers of that block for the immutable Mainchain to record, they share the inherent public trust of Mainchain and will not be able to reorganize previous blocks due to a merkle tree being included in the header.
Beyond Those Core Features, The Unification Ecosystem Also Includes...
Beacons can be considered a vastly stripped down version of a WRKChain where the implementor does not require the full toolkit of a blockchain , but requires a trusted validation of their data.

A most common illustration of this would be an example of having a mySQL database that is continually updated. Simply put, every change to this DB would be converted into a hash and then all of these hashes would be combined into a master-hash - this master hash would be submitted periodically to the UND Mainchain for immutable recording

This allows a system where an independent verifier can determine if there have been changes to the database that have not been recorded and put through the system.  
INTER WRKChain Interoperability
Non-Fungible and Fungible assets on different WRKChains will have the ability to make their assets interoperable and tradable.

This is achieved by a SWAP function that WRKChain developers will be able to deploy.

Technically it is executed by a Burn and Mint function for the asset with the SWAPed asset being verified Burned on the origin WRKChain and Minted onto the destination WRKChain with the equivalent verification of the asset or UND being traded for the former.
As the WRKChain is designed to be predictable, functional and scalable for enterprise and consumer usage, it is important that an ecosystem be fostered where actual users of the network can budget for use of network resources and not have this budget affected by daily price speculation on the UND token.

To achieve this goal, we have developed UND from the ground up as a Utility token in the original meaning of the word. There has been no “ICO” (please note that there is incorrect/outdated information online stating that we did have an ICO - please refer to this website and the whitepaper for canon) there has been no public or private sale of tokens. All of the funding for development has been from private sources.

Users of the network are able to acquire UND by purchasing it for a fixed price through a SmartContract interface via a liquid currency. UND purchased from the foundation will be locked to the purchasers wallet and can only be used to pay tax for usage of network resources.  

Validators on the network who receive the UND will have it fully unlocked and able to sell/trade it according to current free market rates.  

This model ensures that users of the network can have a predictable pricing model, while allowing validators and holders of UND to be able to trade it at free market rates. 

Distributed Stake Governance
Distributed Stake Governance (DSG) is designed so that participants in the network are required to be vested so that the amount of the resources required to hostile attack the network would by default be extremely difficult to acquire without putting the attacking party in a state where they will inherently be vested in the success of the network. 

Very simply put, DSG functions though 96 Validators grouped into 4 rotating pods of 24. To become a validator requires owning a medallion which are auctioned off every 24 hours at 00.00 UTC time everyday. At this moment, the 96 wallets with the highest staked amount of UND receive a 24 hour medallion and are allowed to validate the network and receive network tax

Since the only “job” of a Validator is to validate blocks and it is limited to 96 per 24 hour governance period, there will be a demand for this role and the only way to acquire the role is to stake unlocked UND tokens.

The technology jump that the UND WRKChain is bringing to the table is that no developer may deploy a “Dapp” on the mainchain.

The reason for this is that we believe that a Dapp needs to have the qualities of not only being immutable, but it also needs to be predictable in speed/price execution. Personally we feel that “Dapps” are non-starters and have no place in most blockchain ecosystems.

What will thrive however are WRKChains.

Instead of building a “Dapp” which by default has to complete directly for network price/resources - developers are empowered to deploy their own EVM Compatible WRKChain which can have predictable price/speed validation on the immutable mainchain.

Once they have control over their own WRKChain - then a Dapp may be deployed directly on that. If you have experience working with the EVM or Solidity, then those same skills can be pivoted to deploy an UNSTOPPABLE (d)App on your own WRKChain. 
Why Do we need a WRKChain?
Enterprises, Developers and Users require the immutable function of Blockchain and interoperability without being subject to market volatility.

What is the Utility of United Network Distribution? (UND)
UND is used to pay network tax for processing and validation.

What is the difference between a WRKChain and a Beacon?
A WRKChain is a full blockchain run by a Federation - This can be deployed with or without a token powering it and it submits it’s headers to the UND WRKChain to record them. A beacon is somewhat like an API that can be used to submit data to the UND WRKChain to timestamp. Each has different uses according to needs.

How do I know if I need a WRKChain or Beacon?
If there are multiple parties writing data that need to trust each other, oftentimes a WRKChain is the best choice. Beacons are the best choice for singularly maintained centralized databases that require an element of trust added. 

How do I know if I want a token in my WRKChain or not? 
The general purpose of tokens in a WRKChain is (a) pay INTER-network tax or remission for goods/services (b) Create non-fungible assets as tokenized - if the WRKChain is a closed system where all of the parties writing are “in house” then likely a token is not needed as they will not need to pay fees to access the network and they will not be purchasing anything. Tokens are generally needed only when outside entities need to write to the network and hence need to transact and be tracked for that purpose. 

Can I run a DAPP on Mainchain? 
DAPPS will not run on the MainChain - the Mainchain has three functions - one is to validate simple UND-UND transfer between wallets. Two is to maintain voting records and a whitelist of eligible validators. Three is to record submissions of hashes and block headers by expansion logs. We recommend any “Dapp developers” instead look at deploying their own WRKChain which can have the same net effect as a “Dapp” with added benefits. 

Are the UND Mainchain and WRKChains interoperable with outside blockchains?
Someone could certainly develop an Atomic-swap like 3rd party protocol to link them, however there is no native support in Phase 1 of our roadmap. 

Is the UND Ecosystem censorship resistant?
To answer that question properly we need to examine each component. The “Mainchain” is a fully autonomous decentralized entity powered by DSG. There is no accountable entity that is technically able to censor or limit any transactions on the chain. If a submission is sent to Mainchain with the correct amount of UND for network tax, it is up to the validators to accept or deny that transaction. Since electing validators is a fully on-chain decentralized process, it would typically be assumed that the Mainchain is censorship resistant. WRKChains, on the other hand, will depend on the validation methods chosen.

How are WRKChains different than Hyperledger Fabric or other private blockchain implementations?
A WRKChain is a public/private hybrid model where it has a generally federated consensus mechanism, but it (a) checks in with Mainchain which lend it a layer of immutable trust (b) has it’s assets designed to be interoperable with other WRKChains. These two features gives it a unique usage and toolset for developers and enterprises as opposed to implementations such as Fabric which typically work within their own walled gardens.

What is the consensus mechanism of WRKChains? 
Technically anything the WRKChain wishes - however we offer a default deployment with Proof of Authority where the deployer of the WRKChain is allowed to choose a whitelist of validators

Why don't you build this on ETH or BTC instead of its own blockchain?
Our customers are developers and enterprises and we need to be able to offer them an immutable validation method at a predictable price not subject to speculation.

How is DSG different that dPos as implemented by EOS?
In its current incarnation, dPos (as implemented by EOS) has 21 block producers with numerous backup producers of which each token can vote for 30 of them! DSG has 96 Validators and each account can only stake for itself. We think this will allow greater distribution in the validation process. One important thing to note is that validators are not expected to maintain the dual role of “Community Organizer” as with EOS - their only job is to validate blocks and collect tax! 

How are UND Tokens Acquired Initially?
Over the last few years we have seen many projects do a Coin offering via private or public sale with a subsequent listing of the coins on some exchange and the price of the coin subject to volatility which more or less had nothing to do with actual usage of the network. The end result of this tryst was that users of the network were unable to practically afford the coins needed to use the network resources because of speculation and hoarding by traders and investors.

Unification has been privately funded and the UND token is designed as pure utility and not for “speculation”. There is an initial deployment via an ERC-20 version of UND in order to gain initial distribution - After mainnet launches, when mainnet launches, the smart contract selling UND for a fixed price will periodically mint new tokens to be sold in a locked state that only allows these tokens to be used to transact network tax. This practically means that users of the UND Ecosystem will have a global fixed cost for processing transactions that is not subject to market volatility.

Can you tell us about Unlocked tokens?
Validators of the network receive UND tokens in tax and are free to buy or sell those at current market rates.

How do I become a UND network validator?
Details are in the Distributed Stake Governance section of the whitepaper, however the short answer is that you can vote yourself in by staking tokens for variable amounts of time.

Will UND be subject to market speculation?
UND is a pure Utility token that is initially issued only in a locked format at a fixed price, any entity buying it from the foundation will only be able to use it for “useful” purposes and not to trade for speculation. That being said, once a token has been paid to a validator in tax, we cannot control what, where or how they choose to transfer that token to other entities. 

What is the supply of UND Tokens?
We are issuing a limited number of ERC-20 tokens during our testnet phase that can later be exchanged for mainnet tokens. This is important because it will allow potential candidates for network validators to acquire tokens. When mainnet launches, the smart contract selling UND for a fixed price will periodically mint new tokens to be sold in a locked state.

So this means inflation?
Yes exactly- we expect there to be an interesting economic dynamic between inflation rate, minimum validator stake size, and reward size which could make this a stable coin by default. It is uncharted economic waters and we are excited to see how it plays out. 

I found something on the internet that said you had an ICO?  
In 2018 we laid out the structure to have an “ICO” and some internet sites and reviewers obtained and published information regarding a raise and token metrics. This was never executed and instead we decided to raise funding via a private funding round - all information on token metrics and funding should be referred only to unification.com - all other information that does not match the information we publish here should be considered out of date or incorrect.

I heard there was an Airdrop - can you tell me more about this?
In late 2018 we did a limited airdrop and some tokens were allocated to recipients - These Utility tokens will be distributed at mainnet launch. We may do another airdrop in the future, however the previous airdrop is closed. Please do not ask in our telegram group about “when are airdrop tokens distributed?” or other airdrop support questions. They are distributed at mainnet. 

I researched Unification last year and this seems slightly different - how has it changed and why?
The Unification team began as a 2nd layer protocol for data interoperability and identity management for enterprises to be built as blockchain agnostic - although first deployment was built around using EOS as a resolvent layer. As the project developed we understood that no current 1st layer blockchain had the ability to give a trustless, predictable service and price experience to enterprises so we began to build out a 1st layer solution in order to execute the needs of our customers

Who is your customer?
Enterprises, Governments and Developers. 

How do you feel about speculators?
We cannot affect what they do in the free market, we are interested in shaping the experience for maximum usefulness for our core customer

When mainnet?

When exchange?
If an exchange wishes to list the token, all of the documentation and resources are available for them to do so.

What Enterprises are you working with?
Please see our Enterprise page for more details. 

Is this the future of blockchain?
Yes it is. Dapps being powered by speculative coins are more or less dead on arrival. WRKChains with immutable public validation are the useful future of our industry

Who is your competitor?
We certainly like what Polkadot has proposed to build. There are a few others, but none we have seen have developed it out in an enterprise friendly way with predictable pricing model. Some will say that our true competitors are ORACLE, mySQL and SAP. An evolution of the database. 

Is this decentralized?
We couldn’t stop or censor it if we wanted to - Mainchain is a fully autonomous decentralized entity powered by DSG and on-chain governance. However, as WRKChains can be centralized depending on specification under the control of the entity that deploys the expansion log, the aspects of their own data belong to them in responsibility.

How will you respond to government requests for access to private data?
We always seek to comply with all laws, however understand that the foundation only deploys the code for the ecosystem - once validators begin to execute the network, we have as much say as any other participant in the network and ultimately the owner of the data is the only one that has access to said data.

If this is built for enterprises - is all the data public or private?
Whatever they determine for their WRKChain. They can certainly encrypt their data in a way that these encryptions are passed over the blockchain and validated without showing the actual contents of that data to the public.
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